Paris and its Region must now face substantial changes. The city of Paris must extend beyond its administrative boundaries, too small to allow it a new urban growth. Le Grand Paris is first and foremost a requirement. The challenge for this new Paris, which is still under construction, is to keep its attractiveness and international competitiveness, while integrating the characteristics of the city of tomorrow, smart or Knowledge based, into traditional activities related to the "consumer" society.These activities refer to spaces of the same name, dedicated to leisure, events, shopping, and entertainment. The city of Paris is therefore in a difficult exercise of building by itself, here and now, a new image of what it could be in its future, seeking to safeguard its own characteristics of a single city.Symbolically, the city of Paris represents the European capital par excellence because of its characteristics: history, social and cultural diversity, the beauty of its public spaces and its parks and gardens, its urban and built heritage, the 'multiple activities, (commercial, cultural), art in all its forms, the presence of centers of production and diffusion of knowledge, such as universities and research centers, places of production, companies, business centers, etc. Like other cities in Europe and the world, the city of Paris must take measures in terms of environmental protection and public health.

Thus, le Grand Paris is developing as an innovative territory, encompassing the first suburbs through a process of urban clustering, around collaborative platforms university / company.

The case of Paris, enable to ask wider and generalizable questions to other world capitals such as London, Seoul or New York. How are these capitals changing socially and spatially? How can we imagine their transformation into Smart City?

As part of society, we are all involved in the construction of this knowledge-based city for which knowledge transfer and management are becoming more and more essential. In this regard, we speak of "society of knowledge". All this changes our relationship to the city and to everyday life.

These courses will be based on the illustration of urban projects of consumer spaces and knowledge spaces (most often still planned) by putting them in context. These projects, made at different times, symbolize the policies at work at the time of their design. The devices and actions that facilitated its realization will also be illustrated.

A series of visits will illustrate these remarks, from public consumption spaces to urban clusters to the project of EuropaCity, a smart city dedicated to leisure, major pole of economic, social, urban and cultural development for the North-East Paris region. horizon 2024.

Bibliographie :

Patrizia INGALLINA

Professor of the Universities since 2007, Patrizia Ingallina is architect and urban planner of the State (in Italy), Doctor of Geography and Spatial Planning (University Paris I, 1993), specialized in Landscape Architecture and authorized to direct research (2003). At the same time, she conducts consulting activities with architecture firms, design and landscape offices in Paris and abroad. His main research focuses on: the urban project; building attractiveness and competitiveness through projects in a dual context of globalization and public involvement in decision-making; the knowledge economy and university special planning; spatial, economic and social innovation in the context of the world's metropolises,specifically what forms will it take "the city of tomorrow" (smart city, knowledge city or eco-city?). Around these issues, she organized the International Summer School "The Future of European Capitals in the Face of Innovation and Ecodevelopment" (IDEX SUPER - Sorbonne Universities, 2016), in partnership with Masdar Institute Abu Dhabi, Politecnico di Torino and Roma Tre University. Her works are published in French, Italian, English and Spanish.