Situated on the course of The Seine both shipping route and border, the territory of the Gallic people of Parisii structures itself since the IIIth century before J. C. around an urban agglomeration called Lutetia. A high quality of golden minting, the archaeological findings, the testimony of Julius Caesar  are sources which certify the economic and political weight of ancient occupants of Paris on the eve of the Roman conquest, en 52 BC. After the end of the Gallic independence, the site of Lutetia will be occupied again, first the left bank, then since the Ist century, the Gallo-Roman city will develop itself unevenly distributed on the two banks of the river.

This course traces the milestones of ancient Paris history from the very first records of a human settlement, drawing on historical sources and on an uploaded inventory of the archaeological finding in Paris and in the surroundings.


  • Duval Paul-Marie, Paris antique des origines au troisième siècle, Hermann, Paris, 1961.
  • Velay Philippe, De Lutèce à Paris. L'île et les deux rives, CNRS éditions, Paris, 2000 (3eédition).

Nathalie GINOUX

Archaeologist, specialist of ancient Celts (PhD in 1996 under the direction of Wenceslas Kruta at the Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes, HDR obtained in 2004 at Paris-Sorbonne), Nathalie Ginoux is a senior lecturer, qualified to lead research, in art and archeology of the Celtic worlds at the UFR of History of Art and Archeology since September 2009. Her field work and all her research have been conducted jointly, for more than twenty years, in Central Europe and in the North of France. She particularly worked on the origin of Parisii and their links with Danubian Europe from excavations she personally conducted. Since 2011 she is head of Archeology Research Master.