Baron Haussmann is prefect of Seine department under the Second empire, from 1853 to 1869. Under his action, Paris deeply changes. A lot of new streets are bored, networks of piping and sewers are created, a treet furniture is established, alignment trees are planted on the new streets, public gardens are created in Paris, Boulogne and vincennes wood are fit out. Especially builings are of a new type: if the flatt front and the monochromy don't derogate the parisian traditions, the use of continous balconies, which connect the building at the public lace, generalizes. Baron Haussmann and Emperor Napoleon th IIIrd vision, in fact, is to create, literally, a great urban monument. For all that, this innovations are not only the invention of Haussmann administration. The Haussmann cycle, starts in practice with the French Revolution ane it ends with the Second World War. Thus, spoking about haussmannism binds to see five century of architecture and urban planning. 

This course will expose the lineaments of haussmannism, its origins, its developments, its shining in other cities of France and of the world. The course will treats the urbanistic principles, its traces and persperctive, its technical size  the connection between monuments, as Charles Garnier opera, and the current architecture, the connection between vegetation and architecture. It will show, by the analysisof some details, its thin arcitectural subtlety, in particular this connection, remained unequa, between unity and variety.

Bibliography
  • Pierre Pinon, Atlas du Paris haussmannien. La Ville en héritage du Second Empire à nos jours, Paris, Parigramme, 2002.
  • Michaël Darin, La Comédie urbaine. Voir la ville autrement, Gollion, In Folio, 2009.

Jean-Baptiste MINNAERT

Born in 1964, Jean-Baptiste Minnaert is professor in History of Contemporary Art at the Faculty of Arts & Humanities Sorbonne Université. He is the president of the History and Architecture Association (AHA).

Specialist in History of Architecture and urban planning of the XXth century, Jean-Baptiste Minnaert has dedicated in 1991 a work to the architect Pierre Barbe (1900-2004), then his doctorate thesis to Henri Sauvage (1873-1932) and he has published three books on parisian architecture (The Architectural Drawings of Henri Sauvage, 1994 ; Henri Sauvage, l’exercice du renouvellement, 2002 ; Henri Sauvage le rationaliste, 2011). He has worked also on Paris suburbs (feaubourgs) (Le faubourg Saint-Antoine, architecture et métiers d’art, 1998), on the satellite-town of Heliopolis at Cairo, on the historiography of architecture and contemporary heritage (Histoires d’architectures en Méditerranée, XIXe-XXe siècles, 2005). He actually works on peri-urbanisation to which he has dedicated a a symposium and published acts (Périurbains, territoires, réseaux et temporalités, 2013) and at the same time, he has worked on the Tours architecture at the  XIXth-XXIth century, to which he has dedicated a book tht will be published (Tours. Métamorphoses d’une ville, 2016).