Paris and its Region must now be confronted with substantial changes. The city of Paris must extend beyond its administrative limits, too small to allow it a new urban growth. The Greater Paris is at first a requirement. The challenge for this new Paris, which is still under construction, is to maintain its international attractiveness and competitiveness, while integrating the characteristics of the city of tomorrow, smart or Knowledge based, with the traditional activities linked to the "consumer" society. These activities refer to spaces of the same name, dedicated to leisure, events, shopping, entertainement. The city of Paris is therefore caught up in a difficult exercise of constructing hic et nunc by itself a new image of what it could be in its future, seeking to safeguard its own characteristics as a single city. Symbolically, the city of Paris represents the European capital par excellence because of its characteristics: history, social and cultural diversity, the beauty of its public spaces and its parks and gardens, its urban and built heritage, (Commercial, cultural, cultural), art in all its forms, the presence of centers of production and dissemination of knowledge, such as universities and research centers, places of production, enterprises, Business centers, etc.

Like other cities in Europe and the rest of the world, the city of Paris must take measures to protect the environment and public health.

Thus, Greater Paris is developing as an innovative territory, encompassing the first suburban crown through a process of urban clustering around collaborative university / enterprise platforms.

The case of Paris allows wider and more generalized questions to be asked of other world capitals such as London, Seoul or New York. How are these capitals changing socially and spatially? How can we imagine their transformation into a Smart city?

As a part of society, we are all involved in building this knowledge-based city for which transfers and knowledge management are increasingly essential. This is referred to as the "knowledge society". All this changes our relationship to the city and to everyday life.

These conferences will be based on the illustration of urban projects in consumption spaces and knowledge spaces (most often still in draft form), placing them in context. These projects, carried out at different times, symbolize the policies at work at the time of their conception. The mechanisms and actions that facilitated its realization will also be illustrated.

A series of visits will illustrate this point, from public consumption areas to urban clusters to the EuropaCity project, a smart city dedicated to leisure, a major economic, social, urban and cultural development center for the north-east of France at the horizon of 2024.

Bibliography
  • Ingallina, P.(sous la direction scientifique de) (2009), L’attractivité des territoires : regards croisés, Paris- La Défense, Ministère de l’Ecologie, de l’Energie, du Développement Durable et de l’Aménagement du Territoire, Ministère du Logement, Direction Générale de l’Aménagement, du Logement et de la Nature, PUCA - Plan Urbanisme Construction Architecture, 124 pages.
    Link :
    http://www.urbanisme-puca.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/actes_attr_territoires.pdf
  • Blanc, C. (2000), Le Grand Paris. De la vision au projet, éditions du Cherche Midi.

Patrizia INGALLINA

University professor since 2007, Patrizia Ingallina is State arcitect and town planner (Italy), doctor in Geography and Space Planning (Paris 1 University, 1993), specialiste in Landscape Architecture and entitled to direct the researchs (2003). At the same time she has a consulting activity among architecture cabinets, engineering and landscape officesin Paris and abroad. Her main researchs are on urban project; the construction of actractiveness and competitiveness by projects in a double context of globalisation and public association at decisions; knowledge economy and university planning; economic and social spatial innovation in the context of world metropolis, to know how will be the form of "tomorrow's city" (smart city, knowledge city or eco-city ?). Autor of this questions, she has organized the International Summer School « Le futur des Capitales Européennes face à l’innovation et à l’écodéveloppement » [The futur of the European Capitals in front of innovation and ecodevelopment] (IDEX SUPER - Sorbonne Université, 2016), in partnership with Masdar Institute Abu Dhabi, Politecnico di Torino et Roma Tre University. Her works are published in french, italian, english and spanish.