According to Jean-Michel Djian, "cultural policy is a French invention", has born "of a constant preoccupation of monarchic, imperial or republican powers to monopolize, in the name of a national mystique, the protection of an artistic heritage and by extension to encourage what will become of it. Is Jean-Michel Djian right? How is France so original in its approach? At the other end, during the 1990s, a new concept is also out of the mouth of French leaders: France becomes the spearhead of the concept of cultural exception, which it carries to UNESCO. France seems only to stand out politically in its cultural conception. Why does it do it? What are the dangers that threaten it? And why, in the end, does it care about her model? Are we facing, as some claim, a "state religion"?

  • Hannah Arendt, La Crise de la culture, 1954
  • Alain Finkielkraut, la Défaite de la pensée, 1987.
  • Marc Fumaroli, L'État culturel : une religion moderne, Éditions de Fallois, 1991; rééd. Livre de Poche, 1999
  • Jacques Rigaud, L’Exception Culturelle, Grasset, Paris, 1995
  • Jean-Michel Djian, La Politique culturelle : la fin d'un mythe, Folio actuel, 2005
  • Xavier Greffe et Sylvie Pflieger, La politique culturelle en France, La Documentation française, 2009


Yann Migoubert is a graduate of Classics and PhD in Greek Studies.

Since 2003, Yann Migoubert has been Head of the Cultural Department at Faculty of Arts & Humanities Sorbonne Université. He designed numerous artistic events and large-scale festivals whose purpose was to combine academic entertainment, training and research.